The Vietnamese buffalo is derived from domesticated wild buffalo, belonging to the group of swamp buffalo. Buffalo is the ancestor of domestic buffalo species, born in the low-humid tropical monsoon climate in Southeast Asia, and still exists in the central region of our country. About 5-6 thousand years ago, buffalo was domesticated with the birth of wet rice civilization. The ancient Vietnamese knew how to hunt buffalo, deified them to help people in plowing.

Vietnamese buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is derived from domesticated wild buffalo, belongs to the group of swamp buffalo, widely distributed throughout Vietnam. In the Central Highlands, there is a famous breed of Langbiang buffalo, in Yen Bai and Tuyen Quang areas, there is a popular Ngo buffalo breed.

Loài trâu và những điều cần biết

Buffalo is an animal belonging to the class of mammals, the skin color is usually black with cilia covering the whole body. Buffalo skin is very thick, with fluff like a cloak. Lurking in the beautiful clothes is a taut, greasy skin. Buffaloes have a long tail, often waving like a human fan to repel flies and mosquitoes. The long ears also help the tail a lot. The buffalo’s ear is quite good, it helps the buffalo to hear the noises around. Farmers can recognize good and bad in buffaloes partly thanks to the horns on their heads. Buffaloes have long, curved horns in the shape of a crescent, which help the buffalo to pose and defend itself against enemies. Buffaloes have a very prominent feature that they do not have upper teeth, possibly because of that, buffaloes have to chew their food. Unlike other animals, buffalo has a very special sleeping pattern. The buffalo’s front legs are folded inward, the head rests there to sleep.

Buffaloes only give birth to one or two litters a year, one child per litter. Buffaloes feed their young with milk secreted from the mammary glands. Baby buffaloes are called calves, newborn calves weigh about 22-25kg. When born from a few hours to a day, the calves can stand upright, a few days later, they can open their eyes and walk with their mother. Calves grow up very quickly, calves do not have horns, when they grow up, the horns will gradually emerge, but the external parts must be different from the mother buffalo.

Buffalo species and things to know

Asia is home to the buffalo with 95% of the world’s buffalo population. About half of these live in India. As of 1992 Asia had 141 million buffaloes. Buffaloes are raised for plowing, meat and milk. Buffalo milk has the highest fat content of all types of cattle milk. Both subspecies of domestic buffalo are present in Asia: river buffalo and swamp buffalo. River buffaloes live in highland areas like Nepal, while swamp buffaloes are common throughout the tropics.

Buffaloes live successfully because they can take advantage of low-nutrient food but have high productivity. Regarding plowing, buffaloes are stronger than oxen (Bos taurus), especially in deep fields, so there is a proverb in Vietnam: weaker buffaloes than strong cows.