Archaeological evidence suggests that pigs were domesticated from the wild as early as 13,000–12,700 BC in the Near East in the Tigris valley managed in the wild in much the same way that they were herded by the New Guineans. now. Other species of pigs (swine) were identified earlier than 11,400 BC in Cyprus, they must have been introduced from the mainland i.e. they were domesticated inland. There was also a distinct domestication in China that took place 8000 years ago.

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Previously, archaeologists based on archaeological remains (mainly skulls) believed that pigs were domesticated around 9,000 years ago in what is now eastern Turkey or around the same time. this time in China.

But according to a study conducted in collaboration with US and Swedish geneticists, which analyzed the distribution trends and DNA homogeneity of pig breeds (700 heads) around the world, the ancestors of Today’s pigs are identified as wild boar and the homeland of this primitive wild boar is present-day Southeast Asia. After being domesticated in Southeast Asia, pigs followed humans to other parts of Eurasia and to the Pacific islands. Pigs were further domesticated many times in many regions of China, the Near East and Europe.

The domestic pig is a domesticated animal from the wild boar, raised for meat. Most domestic pigs have a thin coat on the surface of their skin. The domestic pig is often thought to be a subspecies from their wild ancestor, the wild boar, in which case they are given the biological name Sus scrofa domesticus. Some taxonomists consider domestic pigs a separate species and name them Sus domesticus, and wild boar S. scrofa. Wild boars joined humans 13,000–12,700 years ago.

Domesticated pigs are mostly considered a subspecies of their wild ancestor, Sus scrofa according to Carl Linnaeus in 1758, giving it the official name Sus scrofa domesticus in this case. In 1777, Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben classified the domesticated pig as an independent species from the wild, and named it Sus domesticus, which is still used by some taxonomists.